When Euthyphro gives an affirmative answer, Socrates inquires whether piety is the same as justice, or whether piety is only part of what constitutes justice. The latter, he is told.
Dylan Futter 1 On Irony Interpretation: I will develop this thesis in four stages. In the first stage, I explain what I mean by irony interpretation. In stage three, I discuss the proposed hypothesis in relation to prevailing views of the elenchus, arguing for two points of scholarly importance: In the fourth and final stage I offer an explanation for why Socrates adopts the method of irony interpretation.
This is nothing other than the expression of a commitment to living in accordance with virtue. The attribution of verbal irony depends on the apprehension of incongruity.
The irony consists in the discrepancy between what is said about Bolingbroke and the man as he truly was. The recognition of the statement as ironic thus requires knowledge of the object of the irony. The apprehension of the irony requires discernment of the incongruity between utterance and object known.
Object incongruity resembles a kind of falsity. Unlike object incongruity, the incongruity of utterance incongruity is internal to the utterance. It can be detected without knowledge of the object of irony. If the falsehood is blatant and the speaker assumed to be a reasonable person then the irony attribution will seem irresistible.
If the speaker is thought to be infallible, then the irony appraisal is mandatory. This last point is nicely illustrated by the events of the Apology. Rather, he assumed that the god was hiding his true meaning 21b Socrates thus attributed irony to the god before coming to an interpretation of what he really meant.
In most ordinary contexts we do not assume that our conversation partners are ironists; nor do we assume that they are not. As far as the interpretation of gods is concerned, irony is the default position.
The same is sometimes true, as we shall see, of the Socratic interlocutor. The position of irony is necessitated by the assumption that a speaker has first-order knowledge on some specific topic. And although the converse does not hold—the position of irony does not itself require the ascription of first-order knowledge—the judgment that a speaker is ironic undercuts the bases for inferring real error rather than irony from apparent error.
The goal of irony interpretation is knowledge of the second-order: If the ironist is a knower, then irony interpretation will culminate in first-order knowledge. But the focus of the inquiry—the irony interpretation—is nevertheless distinct.
Three primary arguments are advanced: The first argument appeals to the fact that Socrates attributes knowledge to his interlocutor.
After learning that Euthyphro intends to indict his father for murder, Socrates asks him: At this point, Socrates begs Euthyphro to take him on as a student and to teach him about piety: He repeats this request on numerous occasions in the course of the dialogue, even after Euthyphro has been shown incapable of providing a satisfactory account e.
Grube, as reprinted in Cooper Revisions are noted where appropriate. The attribution of knowledge and profession of ignorance are two parts of the same manoeuvre: By attributing knowledge to Euthyphro, and disavowing knowledge of his own, Socrates takes up the position of irony.
Interlocutor error and ignorance must now be regarded as merely apparent and as indicative of irony. Moreover, since Socrates desires to know what piety is, it behoves him to become an irony interpreter. Since Euthyphro is assumed to be a knower, apparent error and ignorance must be understood as giving evidence of irony.
Irony interpretation does not entail irony on the part of the inquirer. But inasmuch as Socrates does not believe that Euthyphro is capable of offering a satisfactory definition of piety, his irony interpretation is itself ironic.
In sum, Socrates pretends that he can discover the nature of piety by determining what Euthyphro knows. The second argument in favour of the irony interpretation hypothesis is an appeal to explanatory power.
I begin with two characteristics that can be accommodated by reasonable alternative accounts; I then move on to other features which cannot be so explained. The first point is that irony interpretation accounts for the distinctively interrogative structure of the elenchus.Euthyphro is one of the best examples of the Socratic method.
Socrates is portrayed as seeking wisdom about the meaning of the terms “piety” and “impiety” so that he can defend himself. 1 On Irony Interpretation: Socratic Method in Plato’s Euthyphro 1.
My thesis is that Socrates’ philosophical method in the Euthyphro can be fruitfully understood as a method of irony interpretation.
A summary of Analysis and Themes in Plato's Euthyphro. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Euthyphro and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.
A. Socratic Questioning. 1. Challenges authority and assumptions—demands of those who claim to know that they demonstrate their professed knowledge. a. Euthyphro sets himself up as an authority on piety by confidently claiming to know that he is being pious in prosecuting his father for murder in a controversial .
Dec 30, · [Euthyphro] Why have you left the Lyceum, Socrates? and what are you doing in the Porch of the King Archon? Surely you cannot be concerned in a suit before the King, like myself? [Socrates] Not in a suit, Euthyphro; impeachment is the word which the Athenians use.
A summary of Analysis and Themes in Plato's Euthyphro.
Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Euthyphro and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.