The German objective was to split the Allies up in a surprise attack.
If Italy had fallen to the Allies in autumnthis could have had a drastic effect on the war. Bulgaria and Rumania might well have changed sides earlier, and the resulting loss of raw materials from the Balkans and Turkey would have badly damaged German production by mid, as stocks were used up.
The war probably would have ended significantly earlier, but the lengthy defence of the Winter Line by the Germans inincluding the battles of Monte Cassino, prevented that.
So the belief of the Allied troops in Italy that victory there would bring the end of the war closer was true at first, but they kept on believing it after it stopped being so. Flawed Victory, reckons Truscott was upset by the diversion of VI Corps, because the situation was looking good at the time for blocking the road, contrary to what Clark claimed afterwards.
He also says that British 8th Army pursued German 10th Army rather slowly, due to poor staff work causing traffic jams on the roads, and a general lack of keenness.
They might thus have been different had Clark allowed the road to be blocked. Taking Northern Italy in August-September has several effects: Historically, the coal supply stopped in early when the German transport network collapsed due to the bombing under the Transportation Plan see below.
The lack of need to supply Italy might delay that a day or two, but not much more; the network collapsed thoroughly. Germany also loses some manufacturing of consumer goods and food production in Italy.
The Romanians historically switched sides in Augustand the Bulgarians in September The Yugoslav partisans can disrupt the railways thoroughly by then, so no materials are coming out of the Balkans; they were important inbut by this timescale, they were ending anyway.
Turkey and Spain may stop supplying materials to Germany sooner than February and May respectively. Swiss economic co-operation with Germany ends in August anyway, when the Allies reach the Franco-Swiss border.
The Swiss supplied dairy products, optical and mechanical parts, machine tools, railway engines, munitions, explosives and electricity. They can go north and help with Germany. Their identity is obscure, because this was a front where not much of significance happened, but they seem to have been French mountain infantry, who were facing the German 34th Infantry Division and 5th Mountain Division, plus the 2nd Division "Littorio" of the RSI army and other RSI units.
If the Allies start pushing north into Austria in the spring, the Alpine Redoubt looks a lot less credible, and the arms production in Vienna has been bombed by tactical air forces all winter.
Austria may be entirely conquered by the Western Allies, rather than being shared with the Soviets, depending on how much fight the Germans put up in Hungary. Hitler seems to have expected an invasion of the Balkans until Husky was well underway, partly because he thought the Allies had much more strength in the Med than was actually the case, thanks to strategic deception.
The very limited Luftwaffe presence in Italy was transferred to Germany in Septemberas it was needed there to fight the Anglo-American air forces.
Cassino, the Hollow Victory, John Ellis. Impossible Victory, Brian Harpur. How bombing finally managed to disrupt the German economy The Combined Bomber Offensive was intended, by its British and American commanders, to win the war against Germany all by itself.
The Oil Campaign of bombing killed off the synthetic oil plants: That ended the Luftwaffe and de-mechanised the Heer. The railways were very efficient, if undamaged, but were working very close to their absolute capacity.17 rows · Hopes for a quick capture of Rome were frustrated by the Germans, who .
The Allies were caught off guard in the attack and tens of thousands of soldiers were lost in fierce fighting (estimated up to , casualties) during what was considered the bloodiest battle of World War II for the United States.
When Britain and France declared war on Germany following the Nazi invasion of Poland, many expected that war to be a retread of the infantry tactics actions of WWI.
That line of thinking clearly led to the French strategy of constructing the heavy concrete fortifications of the Maginot Line. During March, all of April, and the first part of May , recalled one veteran, the Anzio beachhead resembled the Western Front during World War I.
The vast majority of Allied casualties during this period were from air and artillery attacks, including fire from "Anzio Annie," a mm. German railway gun which fired from the Alban Hills.
Meg Heubeck- UVA Center for Politics • Germans bombed planes, railroads, communication posts, weapons and ammo depots, other military Occupied by Germany during WWII, important source of resources, operational base.