Christianity and domestic violence and Islam and domestic violence One study by William Bradford Wilcox examined the relationship between religious affiliation, church attendance, and domestic violence, using data on wives' reports of spousal violence from three national United States surveys conducted between and Ellison found that "religious involvement, specifically church attendance, protects against domestic violence, and this protective effect is stronger for African American men and women and for Hispanic men, groups that, for a variety of reasons, experience elevated risk for this type of violence.
Poverty in the community How to Prevent School Violence The goal of school violence prevention strategies should be primary prevention - preventing the violence from occurring in the first place. Prevention efforts should be aimed at promoting protective factors at multiple levels of influence to build a culture of peace at individual- relationship- community- and societal-levels.
Researchers have begun identifying promising prevention strategies in these four areas. Individual-level Prevention Strategies Strategies to prevent school violence at the individual-level have two objectives.
Firstly, they aim to encourage nonviolent attitudes and behavior in children and young people to prevent violence before it occurs. Secondly, they aim to help change attitudes and behaviors in students who have already become violent or are at risk of harming themselves.
Students develop skills such as emotional self-awareness and control, positive social skills, problem solving, conflict resolution, and teamwork in order to resolve conflicts without resorting to violence.
Universal, school-based prevention programs focused on the individual have been shown to significantly lower rates of aggression and violent behavior. To be effective, these programs should be delivered to all students in a school or grade level. Relationship-level Prevention Strategies Strategies to prevent school violence at the relationship-level focus primarily on influencing the type of relationships that both victims and perpetrators of school violence have with the people they most regularly interact.
Programs that encourage youth to serve as active bystanders can improve the likelihood that students will intervene to stop episodes of school violence when they occur. When such programs aim to improve social skills and problem solving among peers, the result can be improved peer relationships throughout the school.
They can improve family cohesion and connections, thereby lowering the risk of violence by children. When begun early while children are young, such programs can achieve substantial long-term effects in reducing violent behavior in youth.
Successful programs teach parents about child development, communication skills, and help parents learn to solve problems in nonviolent ways.
In order to affect broader changes in school culture, teachers should be mindful of not conveying attitudes to students that condone violence. Instead, teachers should strive to develop supportive relationships in which students feel comfortable approaching them about violence-related issues.
Community-level Prevention Strategies Strategies to prevent school violence at the community-level focus on raising public awareness and debate about school violence issues, encouraging community action, addressing the social and material causes of school violence in the environment and providing care and support for victims.
Efforts to improve the overall environment of the school community to reduce the likelihood of violence include improved classroom management practices, promoting cooperative learning techniques, student monitoring and supervision, and involving parents and caregivers.
Proper environmental design can reduce crime, fear and improve the overall quality of student life. Simple environmental design features that can improve safety include 1 natural surveillance - making sure no shrubbery blocks the view from building windows, 2 limiting movement into and out of buildings to identified entrances and exits that are continually monitored, 3 territoriality - through a prominently displayed logo or mascot, 4 regular building maintenance to ensure the structures are sound and lighting systems are working.
Given the link between lack of supervision and youth violence, communities can help decrease school violence through formal or informal supervision opportunities such as after school activities, mentoring programs, and recreational activities.
Community leaders who take an active role in such programs can demonstrate their commitment to preventing school violence. Societal-level Prevention Strategies Strategies to prevent school violence at the societal-level focus on the normative cultural, social and economic values that shape societies, thereby influencing the educational systems and institutional policies that emerge from them.
In the future, VOV will highlight the best of these programs, introduce you to creative individuals putting these prevention strategies into action, report the latest research findings, share the best ideas for applying these lessons to our daily lives, and share some of your inspiring personal stories of victory over school violence that are helping to build a culture of peace.
Keep checking the VOV Blog and Stories sections for the latest updates and share them throughout your social network. Join the Victory Over Violence Campaign Every day, amazing stories of victory over violence take place.
If shared, these stories have the power to inspire change in countless others. VOV is here to help you learn about the issues and get involved at a pace that works for your lifestyle.The relationship between gun ownership rates and gun violence rates, meanwhile, is well established.
Reviews of the evidence, compiled by the Harvard School of Public Health’s Injury Control. Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance — United States, Please note: An erratum has been published for this urbanagricultureinitiative.com view the erratum, please click here..
Laura. Watch video · An appalling statistic sheds light on how gun violence makes the United States an outlier. America’s problem with school shootings is unique Incident Analysis collected data on school.
WHEN MEN MURDER WOMEN VIOLENCE POLICY CENTER | 1 When Men Murder Women An Analysis of Homicide Data SEPTEMBER urbanagricultureinitiative.com Jun 28, · In the United States, people who want to kill a lot of other people most often do it with guns. Analysis Interpretation of the news based on evidence, Gun Violence Archive.
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