Introduction to the American Revolutionary War:
Visit Website Did you know? Now most famous as a traitor to the American cause, General Benedict Arnold began the Revolutionary War as one of its earliest heroes, helping lead rebel forces in the capture of Fort Ticonderoga in May This First Continental Congress did not go so far as to demand independence from Britain, but it denounced taxation without representation, as well as the maintenance of the British army in the colonies without their consent, and issued a declaration of the rights due every citizen, including life, liberty, property, assembly and trial by jury.
The Continental Congress voted to meet again in May to consider further action, but by that time violence had already broken out. On April 19, local militiamen clashed with British soldiers in Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts, marking the first shots fired in the Revolutionary War.
Declaring Independence When the Second Continental Congress convened in Philadelphia, delegates—including new additions Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson—voted to form a Continental Army, with Washington as its commander in chief. The engagement known as the Battle of Bunker Hill ended in British victory, but lent encouragement to the revolutionary cause.
The British evacuated the city in Marchwith Howe and his men retreating to Canada to prepare a major invasion of New York.
By Junewith the Revolutionary War in full swing, a growing majority of the colonists had come to favor independence from Britain.
Fulfillment by Amazon (FBA) is a service we offer sellers that lets them store their products in Amazon's fulfillment centers, and we directly pack, ship, and provide customer service for these products. The official Colonial Williamsburg history and citizenship site featuring colonial history, research, podcasts, teacher resources, kid's games, and support the Foundation's mission. Today’s American political landscape can be quite a confusing and frightening place. The ideas of the Founding Fathers are commonly cited as the foundation of the nation.
On July 4the Continental Congress voted to adopt the Declaration of Independencedrafted by a five-man committee including Franklin and John Adams but written mainly by Jefferson.
That same month, determined to crush the rebellion, the British government sent a large fleet, along with more than 34, troops to New York. Revolutionary War Turning Point British strategy in involved two main prongs of attack, aimed at separating New England where the rebellion enjoyed the most popular support from the other colonies.
Washington rebounded to strike Germantown in early October before withdrawing to winter quarters near Valley Forge. The American victory Saratoga would prove to be a turning point of the American Revolution, as it prompted France which had been secretly aiding the rebels since to enter the war openly on the American side, though it would not formally declare war on Great Britain until June The American Revolution, which had begun as a civil conflict between Britain and its colonies, had become a world war.
The battle effectively ended in a draw, as the Americans held their ground, but Clinton was able to get his army and supplies safely to New York. A joint attack on the British at Newport, Rhode Islandin late July failed, and for the most part the war settled into a stalemate phase in the North.
The Americans suffered a number of setbacks from toincluding the defection of General Benedict Arnold to the British and the first serious mutinies within the Continental Army.
Supported by a French army commanded by General Jean Baptiste de Rochambeau, Washington moved against Yorktown with a total of around 14, soldiers, while a fleet of 36 French warships offshore prevented British reinforcement or evacuation.
Trapped and overpowered, Cornwallis was forced to surrender his entire army on October Though the movement for American independence effectively triumphed at Yorktown, contemporary observers did not see that as the decisive victory yet.
British forces remained stationed around Charleston, and the powerful main army still resided in New York.
Though neither side would take decisive action over the better part of the next two years, the British removal of their troops from Charleston and Savannah in late finally pointed to the end of the conflict.
British and American negotiators in Paris signed preliminary peace terms in Paris late that November, and on September 3,Great Britain formally recognized the independence of the United States in the Treaty of Paris.
At the same time, Britain signed separate peace treaties with France and Spain which had entered the conflict inbringing the American Revolution to a close after eight long years. Start your free trial today.The American Revolution was much more than a war for national independence, such as the Swiss struggle for independence from the Austrians during the s or the year struggle of the Dutch against Spanish rule in the late s and s.
The American Revolution was the first modern revolt that marked the first time in history people fought for their independence in the name of certain universal principles, constitutional rights, . American Revolution, also called United States War of Independence or American Revolutionary War, (–83), insurrection by which 13 of Great Britain’s North American colonies won political independence and went on to form the United States of urbanagricultureinitiative.com war followed more than a decade of growing estrangement between the British crown and a large and influential segment of its North.
The Revolution website offers a chance to join in national discussions of American revolutionary origins. This site was created by H-Net, Humanities & Social Sciences OnLine thanks to the generous support of the National Endowment for the Humanities to serve as a complement to the official companion site to PBS 's Liberty!
documentary series. The Battles of Lexington and Concord, fought on April 19, , kicked off the American Revolutionary War (). Tensions had been building for many years between residents of the 13 American. The American Revolution: A History and millions of other books are available for instant urbanagricultureinitiative.com Kindle eBook | view Audible audiobook.