Like every other increase in the productiveness of labour, machinery is intended to cheapen commodities, and, by shortening that portion of the working-day, in which the labourer works for himself, to lengthen the other portion that he gives, without an equivalent, to the capitalist. In short, it is a means for producing surplus-value. In manufacture, the revolution in the mode of production begins with the labour-power, in modern industry it begins with the instruments of labour.
Why sociology is not a science Let me emphasize from the outset that by branding sociology as non-science, I am by no means claiming that it is useless, just as designating medicine and technology as non-science, I am not dismissing their usefulness.
When a company studies the traffic pattern of an intersection to determine if a traffic light is needed on that intersection, it is potentially saving lives.
And when a sociologist studies a gang-infested urban neighborhood, s he may come up with recommendations that could save dozens of lives. The procedure of gaining knowledge outlined in what is science has been forced by nature itself, and every time it was artificially interjected into a discipline by humans, it has failed.
A prime example of this failure is sociology. Comte thought that the best way to understand society is through the scientific method developed by the natural sciences. He places fundamental importance on the production of goods and the stratification of the population that results from the mode of production in all historical human societies: Marx believed that the old mode of production is toppled only through a revolution carried out by the oppressed class equipped with the ideology that springs out of that class.
He thought that the ultimate social structure was communism, which was classless, and was achieved via a proletarian revolution.
The history of communism from its inception in to its total collapse today, is a testimony to the failure of Marxian sociology.Karl Heinrich Marx (May 5, – March 14, ) was a revolutionary activist, a prolific writer and Marxism's key ideologue.
Trained as a philosopher, self-educated as a political economist, and an organizer of the International Workingmen's Association, Marx became interested in social change. Karl Marx materialist conception of history Marx's theory, which he called "historical materialism" or the "materialist conception of history" is based on Hegel's claim that history occurs through a dialectic, or clash, of opposing forces.
Marx’s concept of dialectical materialism constitutes the foundation on which entire Marxist thought is based. He borrowed the concept “Dialectic” from Hegel and gave it a materialist twist. According to Isaac Karmic and F.M.
Watkins “the word dialectical originally referred to the process whereby ideas are formed and clarified in the course of debate”.
PUBLISHER'S NOTE This booklet contains Marx's Preface and Introduction to A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy, and Engels' two articles on that work by urbanagricultureinitiative.com Introduction, actually an unfinished rough draft, is taken from Marx's economic manuscripts of The translations of Marx's Preface and Engels' articles largely follow those on Karl Marx and Frederick Engels.
The ideas of Marx have never been more relevant than they are today. This is reflected in the thirst for Marxist theory at the present time.
In this article, Alan Woods deals with the main ideas of Karl Marx and their relevance to the crisis we're passing through today. As the world reflects on years since the birth of Karl Marx, his writings are being sampled by more and more people. If you’re new to the work of one of the greatest social scientists of all.