The dictionary defines accident as "an unexpected and undesirable event, a mishap unforeseen and without apparent cause. So, what causes them, and how can you avoid them? Ads Four factors contribute to the vast majority of collisions. In ascending order they are:
Like alcohol, sleepiness slows reaction time, decreases awareness, impairs judgment and increases your risk of crashing.
However, there are a number of clues at a crash scene that tell investigators that the person fell asleep at the wheel. For example, drowsy driving accidents usually involve only one vehicle where the driver is alone and the injuries tend to be serious or fatal. Also, skid marks or evidence of other evasive maneuvers are usually absent from the drowsy driving crash scene.
Unlike alcohol-related crashes, no blood, breath, or other objective test for sleepiness behind the wheel currently exists that investigators could give to a driver at the scene of a crash. This makes police training in identifying drowsiness as a crash factor very difficult.
There are many underlying causes of sleepiness, fatigue and drowsy driving. Including sleep loss from restriction or too little sleep, interruption or fragmented sleep; chronic sleep debt; circadian factors associated with driving patterns or work schedules; undiagnosed or untreated sleep disorders; time spent on a task; the use of sedating medications; and the consumption of alcohol when already tired.
Sleepiness or Fatigue Causes the Following: Impaired reaction time, judgment and vision Problems with information processing and short-term memory Decreased performance, vigilance and motivation Increased moodiness and aggressive behaviors In addition to the dangers of driving under the influence of fatigue, several states are considering legislation that would allow police to charge drowsy drivers with criminal negligence if they injure or kill someone while driving if they have not had adequate sleep.
|Understanding the Effects of Alcohol: Drunk Driving||The effects of drunk driving put teens at a higher risk than adult drinkers because they definitely do not know their alcohol tolerance limit.|
|Underage Drinking||This article is also in Spanish.|
The National Sleep Foundation neither control nor endorse the advertisements, items or Websites featured in the advertisers links below.Safe driving requires alertness and the ability to make quick decisions in rapidly changing situations. Drinking alcohol can have a profound effect on driving skills.
For example, drinking can have a negative effect on any of these skills. 12 Health Risks of Chronic Heavy Drinking. and we're not fully aware of all its effects," says James C Ventricular fibrillation causes chaotic twitching in .
The causes and effects of drinking and driving are staggering.
Poor coordination, disorientation, blackouts, slurred speech, poor self-esteem and double vision are just the short-term effects of alcohol abuse. Underage Drinking. Alcohol is the most commonly used and abused drug among youth in the United States. 1 Excessive drinking is responsible for more than 4, deaths among underage youth each year, and cost the U.S.
$24 billion in economic costs in 2,3 Although drinking by persons under the age of 21 is illegal, people aged 12 to 20 years drink 11% of all alcohol consumed in the United. Drinking and driving involves the continued or compulsive use of alcohol drinks while operating a car.
Drinking and driving has many causes and effects. One of these causes may be thatthe person does not realize they are drunk. Another cause may be peer preassure, or that the person thinks is cool.
One of the paramount causes of driving drunk is peer pressure. Young adults want to show off for their friends, or pretend not to be drunk, just to impress each other, or .
Get the facts on teenage drinking and learn the causes, risk factors, symptoms and signs of intoxication, treatment, dangers (alcohol poisoning, alcoholism), and effects. Drinking and driving involves the continued or compulsive use of alcohol drinks while operating a car. Drinking and driving has many causes and effects. One of these causes may be thatthe person does not realize they are drunk. Another cause may be peer preassure, or that the person thinks is cool. Teens > Resources > The Substances > Alcohol >. Short and Long Term Effects. Alcohol affects you in the short term, in the long term, and while driving. Alcohol and Driving. Alcohol is a depressant that affects your vision, coordination, reaction time, multitasking ability, judgment, and decision-making.