The primary factors that influence a company's capital-structure decision are: Business Risk Excluding debt, business risk is the basic risk of the company's operations. The greater the business risk, the lower the optimal debt ratio. As an example, let's compare a utility company with a retail apparel company.
These questionnaires will use standardized items to evaluate depression and stress. They will also contain demographics that will allow analysis of data by gender, age, ethnicity, and education. The specific objectives of this project include: To identify and analyze the relationships between debt, depression, and general anxiety associated with debt in the lives of both individuals and families; 2.
To examine the effects of debt on self reported perceptions of health; 3. To determine the functional role of debt on relationship satisfaction and family life among cohabitating and married couples; 4.
To identify the how time employees use at work handling personal financial issues as well as debt's influence on worker satisfaction and other work related issues; 5. To examine differences in perceptions of The influence of debt on the well-being between individuals who are receiving and those who are not receiving consumer credit or debt counseling; 6.
To analyze the demographic characteristics of individuals who are in debt and seeking credit counseling; 7. To evaluate the differences between three different groups: Project Methods Stage 1: Five hundred questionnaires were mailed to current CCOA clients.
This instrument was selected due to its variety of questions and the results of the study can be compared to other studies on debt and financial distress. The researcher will acquire several data sets that have been made available to him from others interested in this area of exploration, such as Dr.
These data sets will be further explored in cooperation with those who originally collected the data. The researcher plans to use campus mail at the University of Arkansas to send out a questionnaire used in Stage 1 of this project to 1, University of Arkansas faculty and staff.
This data will be used to compare to the results found in the CCOA study. Because the primary source of unsecured debt tends to be credit card debt, the research project will replicate a study conducted using students at the University of Illinois.
Lyons of the University of Illinois conducted a study last year. She has provided this researcher with a report of her findings and a copy of her questionnaire with permission to use it in the future. The goal is to survey University of Arkansas students about their credit card behaviors.
The researcher plans to collect data from the Arkansas Household Panel in year three of the project.
Four times a year the AHP is sent questionnaires. The panel tends to have higher levels of income and education than the average Arkansan. The questionnaire that will be sent to them will be similar to the ones sent to the CCOA and University of Arkansas faculty and staff.
The outputs of this research have included: Academics and others interested in the relationship between financial well-being and family relationships; Those concerned with the improvement of financial counseling techniques such as credit counseling organizations and government agencies; Public policy makers and advisers in decreasing the level of financial distress within individuals and families.
Not relevant to this project. Impacts This project assisted the field of financial education and counseling to determine a new definition, which is more inclusive. In the future it will be "personal finance. It is currently being used by more than 85 researchers in the U.
Research on the relationship between financial stress and financial illiteracy may have influenced the development of an Office of Financial Education in the U.
Department of Treasury and the creation of the President's Advisory Council on Financial Literacy by illustrating the degree of financial stress among American citizens.
Prior to this project most financial counseling organizations used "Solution Focused" counseling methods and this project contributed to the development of the application of the Motivational Interviewing M. Bagwell, at Texas Tech University, to develop a program to assist financial counselors to improve their outcomes using Motivational Interview MI methods.
Financial planners, financial educators, university and extension researchers and teachers, financial counselors employed by the military, private agencies, and public non-profit organizations.Oct 20, · Recent psychological research into how earnings and debt influence our waking minds reveals that the size of our paychecks is, practically speaking, immaterial if we’re not already on sound.
The current U.S. budget deficit was $ billion in August That's much lower than the record high of $ trillion reached in FY The U.S. debt exceeded $21 trillion as of September That's more than triple the debt in , which was $6 trillion. How the Deficit Affects. As the federal debt increases, the government will spend more of its budget on interest costs, increasingly crowding out public investments.
Over the next 10 years, CBO estimates that interest costs will total $ trillion under current law. The cost of debt capital in the capital structure depends on the health of the company's balance sheet — a triple AAA rated firm is going to be able to borrow at extremely low rates versus a speculative company with tons of debt, which may have to pay 15 percent or more in exchange for debt capital.
A New Idea of Study on the Influence Factors of Companies’ Debt Costs in the then goes to equity financing. At present, debt financing is the major source of financing for most companies. With debt financing getting more and more popular, how to reduce the costs of debt financing and thus obtain more profit have become most companiesâ.
The primary factors that influence a company's capital-structure decision are: 1. Business Risk Excluding debt, business risk is the basic risk of the company's operations.