Why did the british choose to establish a colony in australia in 1788

Evidence of Aboriginal art in Australia can be traced back some 30, years.

Why did the british choose to establish a colony in australia in 1788

Imagine you are standing in that spot, but instead of looking up at the tall buildings, and hearing the noise of the cars and the buses, above you is a great tree.

You are in a wilderness — and the sounds you hear are the sounds of kookaburras — and the sounds of marching feet.

For it is very near that spot — at the corner of Bligh and Hunter Streets — that, on Sunday 3rd Februarythe first Christian church service was held in the Colony of New South Wales.

Just imagine it… Out in the harbour are moored eleven ships — the ships of the First Fleet, having carried just over a thousand people from Southampton.


The Fleet has taken 36 weeks to reach Botany Bay — and they arrive just four days before the two French frigates commanded by la Perouse also turn up — and after a few more days they transfer the site of the new colony to Farm Cove in Port Jackson on January And so, just over a week later, on Sunday February 3rd, the assembled crowd stands under a great tree, just a few dozen yards from the shore, as the chaplain opens the Word of God.

What will he preach on? What message will he give to this new nation after such a difficult journey? Another reason is that the reactions of two key men in the colony to the gospel preached by Johnson illustrates our responses — and those of our friends — to the gospel today.

And lastly, we need to think about what we might render to the Lord for what he has done for us. But why would anyone volunteer to come as Chaplain on a fleet of convicts to sail to the end of the world?

John Newton was a leading gospel minister and the main figure in a group of evangelical clergy and laymen called The Eclectic Society. It was founded in They discussed how they could further the cause of the gospel at Botany Bay — and became interested in the choice of a Chaplain to sail with the First Fleet.

Who would be the best man for the job? And who would choose him? John Newton knew that such an appointment would be a very difficult one. Yes — the man to be the Chaplain for Botany Bay must not be the stereotypical English country clergyman with interests in nothing more challenging than cake stalls and model railways!

John Newton and his friends knew that they needed a gospel man. A man called by God. John Newton was a friend of William Wilberforce the evangelical Christian man who had worked hard to abolish slavery and Wilberforce was the closest friend of the newly-elected 25 year-old British Prime Minister, William Pitt.

Who was this man? Richard Johnson had studied at Cambridge from and he was ordained inafter coming under the teaching of sound evangelical preachers.

He was appointed to a rural parish in Hampshire — and the next we know of him is his appointment as the Chaplain. We also know that he had spent some time in farming — and this was to prove very useful when he came to New South Wales.

He was married to Mary Burton a month after his appointment and just five months before the First Fleet sailed from Portsmouth. Before he sailed, members of the Eclectic Society introduced him to two societies that had been formed earlier in the century — The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel and The Society for the Propagation of Christian Knowledge.

They provided him with Bibles and Christian books.

The Food Timeline: history notes--Australia & New Zealand

The convicts had already been aboard the ships for 4 months or more even before they sailed. On The Golden Grove he was able to conduct a service each Sunday, and to read prayers every evening.Richard Johnson – first Chaplain to Australia.

If you were to go into downtown Sydney, there’s a place where I would like you to stand. It’s down at the Circular Quay end of Castlereagh street – on the corner of Bligh and Hunter Streets. The British decided to colonise Australia for several reasons: 1.

To expand the British empire, and prevent the French from gaining a foothold in the Australian continent or in the southwest. My trip to the Kimberley has rekindled my interest in looking at what might be the case in with respect to our Aboriginal people. I’m using the ‘A’ word rather than ‘indigenous’, for two reasons.

The founder members of the Pacific alliance were the spy agencies from the Five Eyes, as well as South Korea, Singapore, and Thailand. By , France and India had joined the Pacific group. Between and , about , convicts were transported by the British government to various penal colonies in Australia..

The British government began transporting convicts overseas to American colonies in the early 17th century.

Why did the british choose to establish a colony in australia in 1788

When transportation ended with the start of the American Revolution, an alternative site was needed to relieve further overcrowding of British prisons and hulks.

The British decided to establish a colony in Australia for several reasons. The main reason was to solve the problem of Britain's overcrowded prisons (a consequence of the Industrial Revolution) by establishing a new penal colony in a land which showed promise for eventually becoming self-supporting.

Home - Irene Schaffer's Website